Scenario: A particular software development project is underway, but progress is slow, even with the required resources on board. Technical issues are compounded by changing requirements, and planning is complicated by development resources getting pulled into support work on existing products. Quality has been compromised. The problem described above is an example of what we view as a work process issue. This is in contrast to what we have called, in a companion paper (“IT Project Management: The Role of Governance”), a governance issue.